OBELA Analysis

Viernes, Abril 9, 2021 - 18:08

Water pollution in mining

The supply and quality of water depend on the healthy balance of the environment, which is largely damaged by the actions of extractive companies that also harm public health.

Most of the mining companies in Latin America are managed by foreign private companies, mainly Canadian, British and Chinese. Mexico is the main producer of silver, Chile of copper, Bolivia of lithium, Brazil is the third largest producer of iron ore and Peru is among the leading producers of silver, copper and gold.

The mining sector is facing an increasingly serious scenario of water scarcity and social and institutional demand with social and environmental commitment. It is an activity that inevitably affects the environment and pollutes water, soil and air.

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Theme of reaserch:
Desarrollo y medio ambiente
Lunes, Abril 5, 2021 - 13:59

Chinese ports and docks in Latin America

Since 2013, the New Silk Road initiative is a Chinese megaproject that seeks to connect 4 continents through land and maritime trade routes. More than 90 billion dollars have been invested in 57 countries in four continents.
Latin America is part of the Chinese expansion strategy. Through investment and loans for the development of infrastructure for trade and energy projects, China has established itself in the region and wants to dispute it with the USA.
In this context, the Pacific and Atlantic maritime routes of the continent become important for the expansion of the Asian country. From Mexico to Uruguay, China already controls docks and has projects for new ports.

Theme of reaserch:
Integración y comercio
Martes, Marzo 23, 2021 - 14:42

Money as a commodity

One year after the global closure due to COVID-19, exchange rates responded to financial markets more than to macroeconomic conditions. This is due to the depth that financialization has reached in the economy and the influence that the Fed's policies have on international markets.

Unlike the textbooks, where exchange rates are a reflection of economic growth, inflation and international reserves, the relationship of the exchange rate with these national variables is increasingly questionable.

Central bank intervention in exchange rates has been minimal. When the exchange rate responds more to financial variables than to real ones, the depth and degree of development of each country's financial sector is more important.


Theme of reaserch:
Arquitectura financiera