Remittances and maquilas, the case of Central America

Mié, 03/17/2021 - 18:18 -- anegrete

Central America was the region most affected by the supply and demand crisis in the Americas. However, there was a great disparity in the declines of each country. There are two groups, the first lost less than seven years of production, and the second more than ten.
The lost production years are calculated by comparing real GDP in the second quarter of 2020, when social distancing measures were implemented in the Americas, with the quarterly GDP closest to its value.
In the least affected countries, it was migrant labor and the anchoring with the U.S. economy, via the maquila, that allowed them to lose few years of production and to recover more than half of the lost years.

The impact of COVID on remittances in Mesoamerica

Mar, 10/06/2020 - 12:21 -- anegrete

The World Bank reported that, as a result of the economic downturn caused by the COVID pandemic, 2020 would see the worst drop in remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean in history. Remittances represent one-fifth of the GDP of El Salvador and Honduras, one-tenth for Guatemala and Nicaragua and less than 5% for Belize, Mexico, Costa Rica and Panama.

In March 2020, Latin American unemployment was 6% and tripled in the face of the pandemic to 18.9% in April. Women were the most affected. Nevertheless, remittances to Mexico and Central America recovered as of June. Why so soon?

The World Bank's projections are not being met, fortunately for Mexican, Central and South American families. What is seen is that being a migrant and being precarious are synonymous and that in case of any drop in production they are the first group to be unemployed, but in some cases with a faster recovery.

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