renewable energies

Latin america's post-pandemic energy transition

Jue, 09/09/2021 - 19:55 -- anegrete

The global change of the energy matrix gained momentum in the 2010s thanks to technological advances for electricity generation with renewable energies; international agreements in favor of the environment; and climate change.

Latin American countries are in the process of changing the global energy matrix and have had several advances. The COVID-19 pandemic paralyzed the world and the economy. Latin America was no exception and it seems that this may have slowed down renewable energies.

The energy transition in Latin America is underway. Government incentives and continued Chinese investments and loans will be key to its development.

Hydrogen production for fuel

Lun, 02/15/2021 - 23:16 -- cdeleon

Hydrogen is considered a renewable energy source option and the route to follow in the change of the energy matrix to replace gas at industrial level and to be used in fuel cells for transport vehicles and to generate other fuels. Hydrogen production for energy purposes is classified into 5 colours, 4 by origin and one by treatment. There is grey, brown, black, green and blue hydrogen.

Using hydrogen as a key energy carrier will require a huge increase in production volume and a new and complex infrastructure to supply it to users. Countries with wind, solar and hydropower infrastructure will have a competitive advantage in green hydrogen production.

Green hydrogen is the best fuel option we have towards environmental recovery and several projects have been implemented in the Latin American and Caribbean region to produce sustainable energy with the intention of meeting the Sustainable Development Goals.

Hydrogen and lithium batteries and their relationship in overland transport with the environment

Mié, 09/30/2020 - 13:10 -- anegrete

An increase in demand and use of land passenger transport has been observed. Its electrification is considered a plus for the environment and the economy. However, there is a debate about whether to take advantage of the lithium present on the ground or to invest in hydrogen production.

What is the best alternative in order to protect the environment and slow down climate change? Hydrogen is the most abundant and lightest element on Earth, but its molecule does not occur naturally in isolation. Lithium, different from H2, can be found in specific deposits. The most important is the "Lithium Triangle".

At present, there is no perfect energy source. Environmentally, the best alternative is H2 from water, which does not generate any pollutant after combustion. Its problem is that it is not yet economically or energetically viable.

The confined energy landscape

Lun, 09/07/2020 - 11:53 -- anegrete

The energy outlook is complicated by the drop in demand during confinement, especially for fossil fuels; however, the importance of oil remains crucial. China is the central player for both the global oil industry and the major player in terms of clean energy sources.

Economies such as Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Bolivia are heavily dependent on oil and gas exports; while Mexico and Brazil depend for their tax revenues on the oil companies Pemex and Petrobras.

The panorama shows a dispute between dirty and clean energies in a conjuncture of both energy change and crisis in energy demand. The crisis due to the pandemic may mean a boost to the transition towards cleaner energies under the leadership of China.

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